though nurtured in the church was not restricted to inside the church only.
Music using similar techniques developed outside the church too. A variety
of instruments - string, keyboard and percussion were used to produce varied
innovations were seen on the musical scene. One noteworthy development was
the ars nova (Latin for new art)
in the 14th Century. Many complexities were woven into the
existing music and a new rhythmic dimension was added. Music assumed a
polyphonic stature with many features combining to form one melodious whole.
This period took the focus on music out of the church. Various forms like
the rondeau, the balata, the caccia among others sprung up all over Europe.
Italian composer Francesco Landini was a well-known musician of this period.
Renaissance period brought some simpler styles of music into being. John
Dunstable from England was one of the pioneers in this effort. Chansons,
motets and masses were the names given to the different kinds of musical
compositions of this period. Composers from the Netherlands contributed a
lot to this style of music.
opera, developed by Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi, incorporated
various features of the different prevailing styles of music. The cantata
and the oratorio were the other popular styles that developed during this
Corelli, Alessandro Scarlatti, Domenico Scarlatti, Antonio Vivaldi, Dietrich
Buxtehude, Heinrich Schütz, Henry Purcell, Jean Baptiste Lully were among
the notable names in the field of Western music during the 17th
and 18th centuries.